These new "DMR" radios that have only come about recently are unable to do TDMA. They are being sold in many cases as tier 2 DMR radios, which means they should be able to do TDMA to use repeaters properly, but they cannot. (See my video for an explanation of the difference between the tiers).
What is the consequence of this?Well, the radios that claim to be tier 2 DMR radios actually should work on DMR repeaters, but they will transmit in the timeslot you want to use AND the timeslot you're not using. This means that nobody can use the other timeslot while you're using the repeater with one of these terrible radios. It's basically jamming the repeater! This will probably get you banned from using the repeater.
Why are the manufacturers doing this?Hardware capable of doing TDMA is more expensive. That is the simple reason. The manufacturers are trying so hard to get the cost down and get people to buy their product instead of someone else's, that they are missing out essential parts of the radio. Show them that this is not right by spreading the word and refusing to buy these radios.
1. Baofeng DM-5R.
The original version of this radio. Sold as Tier 1 only (although technically this is incorrect as tier 1 is for license free PMR446 band only). This radio will work on simplex channels fine with other DM-5Rs, but not with other DMR radios before it is updated. Once it has been updated (to change the vocoder from the cheap ASELP vocoder to the DMR standard AMBE2+), it should work with any other DMR radios on simplex channels only.
2. Baofeng DM-5R plus.
Sold as a tier 2 radio. This radio should work out of the box (i.e. without any software upgrades) with other DMR radios on simplex channels. It will also work on repeaters, but it will jam the other repeater slot so you should never use this radio on a DMR repeater. This is a hardware limitation of this radio, so don't expect there to ever be an update that will allow it to work properly on repeaters.
3. Radioddity GD-55/TYT MD-398
The Radioddity GD-55 is a re-branded TYT MD-398. Neither of these radios can do TDMA. This is a hardware limitation so no firmware updates or upgrades will be able to change this. This means that the radio could potentially work on DMR repeaters but it will jam the other timeslot like the DM-5R plus, so should never be used on a DMR repeater.
4. TYT MD-680
A 10W radio with no screen.
That's all for now. If you know of any other radios with this problem, please leave a comment so I can add it to the list. I'll try to keep this list up to date.
Please share this post to spread the word and stop others from being tricked into buying these radios.
If you enjoyed this article or found it useful, you might like to watch some of my videos on my YouTube channel.
If you're looking to buy a DMR radio then I currently recommend these radios:
TYT MD-380. (Link redirects to most appropriate site for your country)
TYT MD-390. (Waterproof version) (Link redirects to most appropriate site for your country)